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(Original PDF + Videos) 2022-2023 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 11: Lens and Cataract

2022-2023 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 11: Lens and Cataract

American Academy of Ophthalmology


Section 11 reviews the anatomy, physiology, embryology and pathology of the lens. Covers the epidemiology, evaluation and management of cataracts and gives an overview of lens and cataract surgery, including special situations. Walks the reader through making an appropriate differential diagnosis and designing a management plan for intraoperative and postoperative complications of cataract surgery.


Includes key takeaways highlighted at the beginning every chapter, 30 detailed illustrations and two animations on embryology and biochemistry and physiology.

Contains 13 technical videos (sample) to increase your understanding. Both print and eBook users have access to the videos.

Upon completion of Section 11, readers should be able to:

  • Describe the normal anatomy, embryologic development, physiology, and biochemistry of the crystalline lens
  • Identify congenital anomalies of the lens
  • Describe the association of cataracts with aging, trauma, medications, and systemic and ocular diseases
  • Describe the evaluation and management of patients with cataract and other lens abnormalities
  • State the principles of cataract surgery techniques and associated surgical technology
  • Describe an appropriate differential diagnosis and management plan for intraoperative and postoperative complications of cataract surgery treatment plans

Section chair: Linda M. Tsai, MD
Last Major Revision: 2020-2021

Print: 288 pages

eBook: Read Academy eBooks online from nearly any computer, or download eBooks to your mobile device with the free Academy eBooks app. For eBook features, requirements and licensing, visit: aao.org/ebooks. Please allow up to 90 minutes for receiving an access key (via email) that will allow you to retrieve your eBook after purchase.

Print ISBN: 978-1-68104-551-1
eBook ISBN: 978-1-68104-577-1
Print & eBook: ISBN 978-1-68104-564-1

About the BCSC
The Academy’s Basic and Clinical Science Course™ is ophthalmology’s definitive source of clinical information. Practicing ophthalmologists and residents worldwide use the BCSC® to ensure the highest-quality patient care.

Each of the 13 volumes includes up-to-date clinical knowledge, concise information and tables, self-assessment questions with answers, photos and illustrations and opportunities for earning AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™.

Beginning with the 2013–2014 edition, the Academy and the European Board of Ophthalmology (EBO) have partnered to make the BCSC the standard text for all European ophthalmology training programs. The EBO now recommends the BCSC as the primary educational resource for European trainees and ophthalmologists studying for the annual EBO Diploma Exam.

CME Information
The American Academy of Ophthalmology is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology designates this enduring material for a maximum of 10 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.